According to the definition by the International Federation of Organic Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), “Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects”.
Organic farming belongs to the natural farming scheme, which includes many versions (systems). The concept of organic production lies in complete freedom from using GMOs, antibiotics, chemical pesticides and mineral fertilizers. This entails a greater biological activity of soil, renewal of the nutrient balance, enhanced soil regeneration properties, normalized behavior of living organisms and a faster humus build-up, thus resulting in a better crop yield.
The output of an organic farming process is an environmentally safe product free from GMOs and food-alien chemical elements. The idea of organic farming is popular in many countries over the globe, including Ukraine.